UK Battles Timeline

Welcome to the Battlefields Trust interactive UK battles timeline (900 - 1800). To use, simply click on the navigation red arrows or circles to view the battle details. You can also jump whole historic periods by clicking on the period name at the top of the timeline. 

410 - 1066

Britons, Saxons & Vikings




Wars of the Roses


Early Modern

1638 - 1660

The Civil Wars

1661 - 1746

Stuart Uprisings

Battle of Brunanburh

late 937

The decisive but locationally elusive battle that preserved King Aethelstan's kingdom.

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Battle of Maldon

10th August 991

A Viking force landed on Northey Island and defeated a Saxon army defending the Essex coastline, killing their leader Byrhtnoth.

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Battle of Fulford

20th September 1066

A Viking victory over Saxon earls. King Harold II was forced to march north to deal with the threat in Yorkshire.

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Battle of Stamford Bridge

25th September 1066

Harold II achieved a spectacular victory over a major Viking army to the east of York. While still in Yorkshire he learnt of the Norman invasion on the south coast.

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Battle of Hastings

14th October 1066

The defeat and death of King Harold II paved the way for William of Normandy's conquest of England

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Battle of Northallerton

22nd August 1138

An English army rallied by the Archbishop of York and helped by the effectiveness of the longbow, defeated a Scottish invasion force under King David I.

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Battle of Fornham St Genevieve

17th October 1173

A decisive royalist victory over an army commanded by rebel English barons, resulting in high casualties amongst the rebel infantry.

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Battle of Largs

2nd October 1263

After beaching near Largs, a Norse force was defeated by a Scottish army.

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Battle of Lewes

14th May 1264

Simon de Montfort's defeat of Henry IIIs royalists established him as ruler of England for over a year

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Battle of Evesham

4th August 1265

Described by one chronicler as 'the murder of Evesham' with rebel leader Simon de Montfort killed and his army defeated by a royal force on the hill north of the town,

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Battle of Stirling Bridge

11th September 1297

Scots waited for an English advance across the bridge before cutting them off and slaughtering many.

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Battle of Falkirk I

22nd July 1298

Betrayal by Scottish nobles jealous of his power forced William Wallace to fight the English at Falkirk resulting in the destruction of his army.

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Battle of Bannockburn

24th June 1314

An English army attempting to relieve the siege of Stirling Castle was defeated by a Scottish army under Robert the Bruce over two days.

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Battle of Myton

20th September 1319

An English militia army and clergy led by the Archbishop of York was defeated by a seasoned Scottish raiding party under two experienced commanders.

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Battle of Boroughbridge

16th March 1322

Edward II's rebel cousin was defeated and captured by a royalist force. This removed the main opposition in England to the king and his favourites.

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Battle of Byland

14th October 1322

Edward II's army was defeated by Scottish forces commanded by Robert the Bruce. Part of the First Scottish War of Independence.

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Battle of Stanhope Park

4th August 1327

The First Scottish War of Independence, which raged for 32 years and across all the kingdoms of Britain, was effectively ended in the village of Stanhope in Weardale.

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Battle of Dupplin Moor

12th August 1332

A surprise English attack with a smaller force on the camp of a Scottish army led to battle and an English victory.

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Battle of Halidon Hill

19th July 1333

A failed Scottish attempt to relieve the siege of Berwick from the forces of Edward III.

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Battle of Neville's Cross

17th October 1346

Good choice of ground allowed the English to inflict a substantial defeat on a Scottish army and capture their king, enabling the subsequent occupation of much of Scotland south of the rivers Forth and Clyde.

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Battle of North Walsham

26th June 1381

A royalist army defeated a poorly armed and defended group of rebels which helped end the Peasants Revolt.

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Battle of Otterburn

5th August 1388

Henry ‘Hotspur’ Percy pursued a Scottish raiding force under James, Earl Douglas and was defeated and captured despite the death of Douglas in battle.

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Battle of Homildon Hill

14th September 1402

A Scottish raiding army returning home was intercepted and defeated by Henry 'Hotspur' Percy and George Dunbar. Arguably the greatest victory for the longbow in battle.

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Battle of Shrewsbury

21st July 1403

The Percy rebellion crushed and Hotspur killed by a royal army on the rising ground close to the Whitchurch road north of Shrewsbury.

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Battle of Bramham Moor

19th February 1408

Royalists led by the Sheriff of Yorkshire defeated a rebel army under the first Earl of Northumberland, and the Lancastrian dynasty was secured on the throne.

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Battle of Harlaw

24th July 1411

An intense and close fought battle to defend Aberdeen from an attempt by the Lord of the Isles to strengthen his control of the Earldom of Ross.

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Battle of Blore Heath

23rd September 1459

A decisive, but short lived, Yorkist victory on open land east of Market Drayton

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Battle of Northampton

10th July 1460

The Lancastrian army defeated in their fortified camp and King Henry VI captured after one of their commanders turned coat to the Yorkists during the battle.

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Battle of Mortimer's Cross

2nd February 1461

Yorkist defeat of a Lancastrian army in the Welsh Marches, with an earlier parhelion seen by the victor, the future Edward IV, as a portent of success.

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Battle of Towton

29th March 1461

A victory for Edward IV over the main Lancastrian army established the House of York as the new royal dynasty in England.

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Battle of Edgcote

24th July 1469

A weakened Yorkist royal army eventually defeated after reinforcements arrive to save the rebel army.

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Battle of Nibley Green

20th March 1470

Reputedly the last private battle in England between competing magnates which saw William Lord Berkeley defeat and kill Thomas Talbot, Viscount Lisle.

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Battle of Barnet

14th April 1471

King Edward IV's Yorkist army defeated a Lancastrian force and killed its commander, the Earl of Warwick, as the first step to securing the crown following Edward IV's return from exile.

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Battle of Tewkesbury

4th May 1471

The destruction of Margaret of Anjou's Lancastrian army in the fields south of Tewkesbury Abbey by Edward IV's Yorkist army secured his kingship.

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Battle of Bosworth

22nd August 1485

Two kings in one day as Richard III is killed and the Tudor era begins. Did treachery help Henry secure the crown?

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Battle of Stoke Field

16th June 1487

The last battle of the Wars of the Roses, fought to put a Yorkist pretender on the throne and resulting in a royal victory.

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Battle of Flodden

9th September 1513

An invading Scottish army was heavily defeated and the Scottish King James IV was killed. The last time a reigning British monarch was killed in battle.

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Battle of Solway Moss

24th November 1542

Defeat of a large Scottish raiding force by a smaller English army near the border with Scotland north of Carlisle

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Battle of Ancrum Moor

27th January 1545

English cavalry venturing too far forward of their main body and their Scottish allies turning coat led to an English defeat.

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Battle of Pinkie

10th Septmber 1547

A battle fought as part of a failed English attempt to unite the Crowns of England and Scotland, with England victorious on the day but the Franco-Scottish alliance strengthened.

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Battle of Newburn Ford

28th August 1640

The forces of Charles I failed to prevent a Scottish Covenanter army from crossing the Tyne and occupying Newcastle. An important step on the path towards civil war.

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Battle of Powick Bridge

23rd September 1642

A substantial cavalry skirmish fought at a bridge across the river Teme near Worcester which confirmed the superiority of the royalist horse at the start of the Civil War.

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Battle of Edgehill

23rd October 1642

The first major battle of the Civil War with no decisive outcome, but created the opportunity for the royalists to continue their advance on London

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Battle of Brentford

12th November 1642

A stiff parliamentarian defence delayed the royalist assault on the town west of London during peace negotiations.

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Battle of Turnham Green

13th November 1642

A stand-off with, probably, the third largest numbers of soldiers on a Civil War battlefield but involving only some low-level skirmishing. Parliament nevertheless prevented the King from advancing closer to London.

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Battle of Piercebridge

1st December 1642

Marching to York, a large royalist army defeated a small parliamentarian force defending the bridge at Piercebridge.

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Battle of Guisborough

16th January 1643

A small scale action resulting in the mortal wounding of the royalist commander, Guilford Slingsby.

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Battle of Braddock Down

19th January 1643

An easy royalist victory over local parliamentarian forces, securing Cornwall for the King.

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Battle of Yarm Bridge

1st February 1643

A royalist force brushed aside a much smaller parliamentarian contingent, allowing munitions to be delivered to York.

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Battle of Modbury

21st Feburary 1643

A hard fight in the enclosed fields around Modbury and within the town itself which resulted in an eventual parliamentarian victory, though this did little to alter the course of the war in the south-west.

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Battle of Hopton Heath

19th March 1643

An indecisive battle which saw the death of the royalist Earl of Northampton, but also the rout of the Parliamentarian cavalry and capture of their ordnance.

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Battle of Seacroft Moor

30th March 1643

A royalist force attacked a parliamentarian army, which lacked sufficient cavalry support, and killed or captured most of their infantry.

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Battle of Ripple

13th April 1643

Sir William Waller's army was badly mauled by a royalist force under Prince Maurice north of Ripple village with the parliamentarian rout continuing almost to Tewkesbury.

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Battle of Middleton Cheney

6th May 1643

A surprise parliamentarian attack on Banbury was defeated in a small action east of the town by an unexpected royalist cavalry force.

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Battle of Stratton

16th May 1643

Better tactics resulted in a hard-won royalist victory over a well positioned, prepared and numerically superior parliamentarian force.

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Battle of Chalgrove

18th June 1643

A royalist raid into east Oxfordshire climaxed with the defeat of a pursuing parliamentarian cavalry and dragoon force north of the village of Chalgrove.

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Battle of Adwalton Moor

30th June 1643

An unexpected parliamentarian defeat, after a royalist colonel launched a surprise attack during the battle, resulted in royalist control of all of Yorkshire except Hull.

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Battle of Lansdown Hill

5th July 1643

An inconclusive battle that saw the royalists finally dislodge the parliamentarians from Lansdown Hill after suffering heavy losses.

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Battle of Roundway Down

13th July 1643

A brigade of royalist cavalry from Oxford decisively defeated a parliamentarian army and rescued a beleaguered force in Devizes, opening-up the West for the King.

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Battle of Gainsborough

28th July 1643

A short-lived parliamentarian victory leading to the death of Sir Charles Cavendish, an upcoming regional royalist commander, and where Oliver Cromwell demonstrated his early military and self-promotion capabilities.

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Battle of Newbury I

20th September 1643

Royalist blocking of the route back to London forced a parliamentarian army to hold-off the King's army in the enclosed fields south of Newbury.

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Battle of Winceby

11th October 1643

In a battle lasting only 30 minutes Cromwell and Fairfax fight together for the first time and Cromwell was nearly killed.

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Battle of Alton

13th December 1643

A successful surprise attack by Sir William Waller’s army on an outnumbered Royalist garrison at Alton, which was commanded by the Earl of Crawford and Colonel Richard Bolles.

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Battle of Nantwich

25th January 1644

The defat of a royalist army to the north-west of Nantwich, which relieved the town and ended royalist dominance in Cheshire.

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Battle of Cheriton

29th March 1644

Tactical errors and confused command relationships resulted in a royalist defeat which placed the King on the back foot early in 1644.

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Battle of Cropredy Bridge

29th June 1644

A parliamentarian attempt to attack a royalist army in line of march north of Banbury backfired spectacularly.

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Battle of Marston Moor

2nd July 1644

The largest battle of the Civil War. Defeat by a combined Scottish and parliamentarian armies lost the royalists control of the north of England.

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Battle of Lostwithiel

21st and 31st August 1644

Two battles fought ten days apart over the hilly ground around and to the south of Lostwithiel led to Parliament's worst defeat of the Civil War.

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Battle of Aberdeen II

13th September 1644

A Scottish royalist force under the Marquis of Montrose defeated a larger Covenanter army as part of a wider campaign to lure the Army of the Covenant from England.

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Battle of Newbury II

27th October 1644

An ambitious parliamentarian plan to surround and defeat a royalist army north of Newbury failed due to poor timing and a tenacious defence.

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Battle of Auldearn

9th May 1645

Royalist troops turned a fighting retreat against a superior Covenanter force into battlefield victory, setting the stage for a future successful campaign.

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Battle of Naseby

14th June 1645

Destruction of the royalist Oxford field army by Parliament's New Model Army marks the beginning of the end for the King's cause.

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Battle of Alford

2nd July 1645

A Scottish royalist advance toward the Lowlands forced a Covenanter army, which had been depleted of troops transferred away by the government, to fight and lose a battle.

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Battle of Langport

10th July 1645

The vanquishing of a royalist army in the south-west by the New Model Army further reduced the King's military capabilities and hastened his ultimate defeat.

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Battle of Kilsyth

15th August 1645

A Scottish royalist force advancing into the Lowlands destroyed the last Covenanter army in Scotland, forcing a return of Covenanter troops in England.

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Battle of Philiphaugh

13th September 1645

A surprise attack by veteran Covenanter cavalry on a Scottish royalist army caught them unaware and defeated them after a hard fight in enclosed ground.

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Battle of Rowton Heath

24th September 1645

A parliamentarian victory, reputedly watched by the King from Chester's city walls, which destroyed the remnants of the royalist Northern horse.

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Battle of Stow on the Wold

21st March 1646

The last battle of the first Civil War which saw the defeat of a cobbled together royalist force by regional parliamentarian troops.

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Battle of Winwick

19th August 1648

The last stand of the Anglo-Scottish army defeated at Preston a few days before and the best preserved second Civil War battlefield in England.

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Battle of Dunbar II

3rd September 1650

A daring early morning attack by an outnumbered but veteran New Model Army force destroyed a Scottish army by trapping it between a stream and a hill.

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Battle of Worcester

3rd September 1651

The last major battle of the Civil Wars in England which saw the destruction of an Anglo-Scottish royalist force in the fields south and east of Worcester by the New Model Army.

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Battle of Drumclog

1st June 1679

A limited action which saw a small government force defeated by a larger rebel one, emboldening the rebels to use military force again to challenge Charles II's religious non-conformity policies.

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Battle of Bothwell Bridge

22nd June 1679

A rebel failure to hold Bothwell Bridge, despite a long fight, allowed government troops to cross the river and defeat them decisively, ending the 1679 uprising.

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Battle of Sedgemoor

6th July 1685

The Duke of Monmouth's attempt to overthrow king James II defeated by a small but experienced royal army.

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Battle of Killiecrankie

27th July 1689

A Jacobite victory which saw the death of their commander, Viscount Dundee, depriving the uprising of leadership which led to its end in 1690.

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Battle of Sheriffmuir

13th November 1715

An indecisive battle which saw parts of both armies routed, with post battle Jacobite decision making losing them the strategic initiative and partly causing the uprising to fail.

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Battle of Prestonpans

21st September 1745

The government forces defeated by a Jacobite army in a battle lasting only a few minutes on the coast east of Edinburgh, allowing the Jacobites to march into England.

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Battle of Falkirk II

17th January 1746

A Jacobite victory which led to government forces changing tactics to deal with the Highland change, resulting in the success at Culloden three months later.

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Battle of Culloden

16th April 1746

The last pitched battle fought on British soil which ended the 1745 jacobite uprising.

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