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The view from the Downs looking south east to Lewes across Landport Bottom
The Battle

The King’s army was camped at Lewes: those under Prince Edward at the Castle, and those with the King at the Priory, a little to the south of the town. In all Henry commanded some 10,000 troops. On hearing of de Monfort’s arrival Edward rushed from the town without waiting for all the royal troops to join him. De Monfort’s forces, about half the number of Henry’s, were deployed across the hill facing the town. Edward launched a cavalry attack upon the left of the rebel lines where the raw recruits from London were positioned. The force of Edward’s attack soon broke the untried rebels, who fled the field hotly pursued by Edward.

Henry had barely time to deploy before the reckless actions of Edward, now charging from the field, forced him to attack. The advantage of terrain was with de Monfort’s, with Henry's troops being obliged to attack uphill. The Barons quickly gained the initiative and pushed the royal troops back down the hill to the town, where fighting continued in the streets. Henry was captured and held prisoner at the Priory. Edward, on returning to the field and discovering his father’s position, was inclined to continue fighting as the castle still held out for the king. However de Montfort now sued for peace and Edward was persuaded to accept.


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