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Medieval Standards
 
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Medieval Standards, from Barrett, 1896
Contemporary Accounts

The main accounts are listed below. A more complete list of contemporary chronicles which refer to the battle is given by Leadman. The assessment of the contemporary accounts is based largely upon that in the English Heritage report.

  • Ailred of Rievaulx

Translated in Anderson, Scottish annals from English chroniclers A.D. 500 to 1286, London, D.N. Nutt, 1908. A later version, corrupted with various interpolations, especially the reference to Cowton Moor, is in Howlett, Chronicles of the reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I, London, Longman & Co., 1886, iii, pp lix, 182, 199.

  • Richard of Hexham

Translated in Douglas and Greenaway, English historical documents, 1042-1189, London; New York, Eyre Methuen : Oxford University Press, 1981, 346.

  • Hovenden

Printed in Stubbs, Chronica magistri Rogeri de Houedene, London, Longman, 1868, i, 193. This too has interpolations adding errors to the account.

  • The Chronicle of Henry of Huntingdon

Printed in Forester, The chronicle of Henry of Huntingdon, comprising the history of England, from the invasion of Julius Caesar to the accession of Henry II, Felinfach, Llanerch, 1991, 269-70.

 

   
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